A bunion is a deformity of the joint at the base of the big toe. Hallux Valgus is the development of a bony bump which is swollen and enlarged, on the joint at the base of the big toe due to excess
pressure. Foot surgery is a surgical procedure that treats the disorders of the foot and ankle. A bunion is a disorder in which the big toe points outwards towards the little toe.
De grote teen heeft 2 kootjes, de andere vier tenen hebben 3 kootjes. Als de eerste en tweede teenkootje van een teen in een onnatuurlijke hoek staan ten opzichte van elkaar, raakt het uiteinde van
de teen (teentop) de grond. Een doorgezakte voorvoet, slijtage (artrose), een holvoet, een scheefstand van de grote teen (hallux valgus), hoge spierspanning van de voetspieren, een teen die te lang
is ten opzichte van de anderen tenen of het dragen van te kleine schoenen. Door de vorming van stug littekenweefsel krijgt de teen uiteindelijk weer stevigheid.
Shoes rubbing against a bunion can cause blisters or open sores that can become infected. Foot infections are particularly dangerous in people with peripheral artery disease or diabetes, who often
don't feel pain because their nerves are damaged and don't transmit pain sensations normally. If pain and disability become too difficult to live with, surgery may be required. Bunion surgery usually
results in significant reduction in pain and an improvement in appearance, but wearing shoes that are too small or tight can cause bunions to recur, the AAOS warns. Hallux valgus is a progressive
foot deformity characterized by a lateral deviation of the hallux with corresponding medial deviation of the first metatarsal. The correction is achieved by a chevron osteotomy.
Associated deformities may include second digit hammertoes and flexible or rigid flat foot. Instability of the second digit may allow a more rapid progression of hallux valgus, as it is unable to act
as an adequate lateral buttress. If surgery it to be contemplated it is imperative that peripheral blood flow be adequate for healing. Understand that bunions are progressive and that non-surgical
treatments alleviate symptoms but do not limit progression. The most important indication for surgery is pain, not deformity, although there will often be concern about the appearance of the deformed
joint. It is usually a combination of bone and soft tissue surgery.
They can also develop as a result of injury, inherited structural defects, stress on your foot or another medical condition. Symptoms may include pain and soreness over the bump, redness from rubbing
against the shoe, a burning sensation or possibly numbness. Other conditions which may appear with bunions include calluses on the big toe, sores between the toes, ingrown toenail, and restricted
motion of the toe. Symptoms often occur when Foot Conditions
wearing shoes with a tight or narrow toe box (the
front of the shoe) or high heels. The first step to relieve pain and lessen the progression of bunions is a change of foot wear. A pad or cushion over the bunion may relieve rubbing if the shoe is
wide enough to accommodate the padding. The 3pp Bunion-Aider is recommended for nighttime wear to hold the toe in proper alignment. Surgery is usually recommended as the first measure.