Also known as fallen arches, the condition of flat feet is characterized by a lack of appropriate arch in the inner foot. It can be a genetic condition or the result of improper body mechanics. Often the whole of the foot will contact the ground. Because a healthy foot is structurally able to support the weight of the body thanks to the bone structure that comprises the arch, a flat foot often is unable to properly support this weight and will cause extreme pressure in the joints above, such as the ankles, knees and hips. Pain, swelling and inflammation are the immediate signs and signals from the body that something hurts. Many people have foot pain from poor shoe choices, bad posture habits , and pounding the feet into the ground to walk and run. Foot pain can start from a new activity (like my friend at the bowling alley) or pain can creep in from cumulative trauma over time until our feet just can’t take it anymore. 2.Consult with a Podiatrist. Podiatrists are foot care specialists. Getting sound advice from a foot expert can give you peace of mind and confidence that you’re doing the right things to take better care of your feet. According to architect Robert Silke, whose Caligula-like appreciation of yesteryear I share, when Luigi and Maria Parletta proudly opened it, domed pizza oven and all, they could only serve fried margaritas, because the "forward-thinking Cape Town municipality" required wood ovens "to have operating licences from the Wheat Board and the Milk Board, as well as special dispensations in terms of the Munitions and Explosives Act". A less known fact about earthworms is that they are little recycling machines of nature. They work as hard as a farmer and without any summer or winter break! To figure out if you have flat feet, you can also do an easy test. Get the bottoms of your feet wet and then step on to a piece of paper carefully. Step off the paper and take a look at the print your foot made. If your print looks like the entire bottom of a foot, your feet are flat. People with an arch will be missing part of the foot on their print since the arch is elevated off of the paper. Check out our homepage for more information about insoles for flat feet , and to explore the specific qualities of insoles that can provide quick relief. Fitness walking is the most accessible exercise for people of all ages. However, as people age, general physical problems tend to crop up - pain, stiffness, joint degeneration and loss of balance. This article undertakes to address those issues and to suggest how people might deal with ( correct , not "get used to" ) them and get the most from a fitness walking program. Balance results from good coordination and fluid movement. It depends particularly upon uprightness - right-left symmetry. A side-tilt right or left, stooped posture or swayback throw balance off and decrease the speed at which we can move safely. Being off balance slows us down. Joint Fusion- A joint fusion is favored by many surgeons to relieve pain. An incision is made into the MTP joint and the joint surfaces are removed. These two surfaces are fixed with a metal screw or pin. The toe is turned slightly upward for walking. It usually takes about three months for the fusion to become solid. After surgery you may be fitted with a wooden soled shoe or cast to protect the bones, and you may have to use crutches temporarily. Your doctor may also order physical therapy. If you had stitches, they can usually be removed in 10-14 days. For a while I continued to think about the man at the window. There were a couple of dated scars on his face, quite similar to those on my own face, thanks to a motorbike crash I had in London so many years ago. "Had the man been involved in some serious road accident years ago?" I wondered, doing my best not to notice the rain. Now I thought about some Irish friends whom I had not seen in years. Just then one of them asked me when was I thinking of coming out of it. Everyone laughed!